Quality of life and experience with the national multiple sclerosis society strategic plan priorities for people with multiple sclerosis: Findings from a path analysis

Jian Li, Malachy Bishop, Robert Fraser, Phillip D. Rumrill, Nicholas Larocca, Maura Burns, Deborah Lee, Muna Bhattarai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) strives to ensure that people affected by multiple sclerosis (MS) can live their best lives. This mission is reflected in the Society's strategic plan, which establishes the roadmap for the Society's continued commitment to a world free of MS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to add to the understanding of both the scope and complexity of the impact of MS and MS-related supports on quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A national sample of people with MS (n=748) participated in the study by completing validated surveys assessing their QOL, physical and mental health, MS self-efficacy, resilience, participation in NMSS, perceived stress, emotional support, and social roles and activities. A path model was used to examine how the frequently identified MS QOL predictors, including demographic, MS, psychosocial, and physical functional status variables relate to each other and to QOL. RESULTS: The model exhibited reasonable model fit with hypothesized paths being statistically significant and in the hypothesized direction. CONCLUSION: Findings revealed that the relationships among mental health, demographic factors, overall MS experiences, QOL, NMSS participation, and resonance with the mission of the NMSS are complex, highly nuanced, and yet strongly correlated. More importantly, the study highlights the strong influence of variables that are more readily amenable to change through programmatic and clinical intervention, and active self-management and participation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-1005
Number of pages19
JournalWork
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 - IOS Press. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • physical function
  • psychosocial status
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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