Quantification of muscle fiber strain during in vivo repetitive stretch-shortening cycles

Timothy A. Butterfield, Walter Herzog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Muscles subjected to lengthening contractions exhibit evidence of subcellular disruption, arguably a result of fiber strain magnitude. Due to the difficulty associated with measuring fiber strains during lengthening contractions, fiber length estimates have been used to formulate relationships between the magnitude of injury and mechanical measures such as fiber strain. In such protocols, the series compliance is typically minimized by removing the distal tendon and/or preactivating the muscle. These in vitro and in situ experiments do not represent physiological contractions well where fiber strain and muscle strain may be disassociated; thus the mechanisms of in vivo muscle injury remain elusive. The purpose of this paper was to quantify fiber strains during lengthening contractions in vivo and assess the potential role of fiber strain in muscle injury following repetitive stretch-shortening cycles. Using intact New Zealand White rabbit dorsiflexors, fiber strain and joint torque were measured during 50 stretch-shortening cycles. We were able to show that fiber length changes are disassociated from muscle tendon unit length changes and that complex fiber dynamics during these cycles prevent easy estimates of fiber strains. In addition, fiber strains vary, depending on how they are defined, and vary from repetition to repetition, thereby further complicating the potential relationship between muscle injury and fiber strain. We conclude from this study that, during in vivo stretch-shortening cycles, the relationship between fiber strain and muscle injury is complex. This is due, in part, to temporal effects of repeated loading on fiber strain magnitude that may be explained by an increasing compliance of the contractile element as exercise progresses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-602
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Contractile element
  • Eccentric contraction
  • Force-length relationship
  • Muscle injury
  • Muscle mechanics
  • Series elastic component
  • Skeletal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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