Quantifying Neonatal Sucking Performance: Promise of New Methods

Gilson J. Capilouto, Tommy J. Cunningham, David R. Mullineaux, Eleonora Tamilia, Christos Papadelis, Peter J. Giannone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neonatal feeding has been traditionally understudied so guidelines and evidence-based support for common feeding practices are limited. A major contributing factor to the paucity of evidence-based practice in this area has been the lack of simple-to-use, low-cost tools for monitoring sucking performance. We describe new methods for quantifying neonatal sucking performance that hold significant clinical and research promise. We present early results from an ongoing study investigating neonatal sucking as a marker of risk for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. We include quantitative measures of sucking performance to better understand how movement variability evolves during skill acquisition. Results showed the coefficient of variation of suck duration was significantly different between preterm neonates at high risk for developmental concerns (HRPT) and preterm neonates at low risk for developmental concerns (LRPT). For HRPT, results indicated the coefficient of variation of suck smoothness increased from initial feeding to discharge and remained significantly greater than healthy full-term newborns (FT) at discharge. There was no significant difference in our measures between FT and LRPT at discharge. Our findings highlight the need to include neonatal sucking assessment as part of routine clinical care in order to capture the relative risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at discharge.

Original languageEnglish
Article number00638
Pages (from-to)147-158
Number of pages12
JournalSeminars in Speech and Language
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Thieme Medical Publishers333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Keywords

  • Premature neonate
  • feeding skills
  • nutritive sucking patterns
  • oral feeding
  • suck behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • LPN and LVN
  • Speech and Hearing

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