Quantifying the Impact of Weather Events on Travel Time and Reliability

Xu Zhang, Mei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is of practical significance to understand the specific impact of weather events on the operating condition of the surface transportation system so that proactive and reactive strategies can be quickly implemented by transportation agencies to minimize the negativity resulted from adverse weather events. Many studies have been conducted on quantifying such effects yet suffer from limitations such as subjectively defining a time window under uncongested conditions and not being able to account for the severe impact from weather events which result in travel time unreliability. To overcome those shortcomings in existing literature, an integrated data mining framework based on decision tree and quantile regression techniques is developed in this study. The results demonstrate that the approach is effective in characterizing time periods with different traffic characteristics and quantifying the impact of rain and snow events on both congestion and reliability aspects of the transportation system. It is observed that snow events impose more significant impact on travel times than that from rain events. In addition, the impact from weather events is even more severe on travel time reliability than average delay. The impact magnitude is directly related to the level of recurrent congestion under study. Other insights with regard to the capability of quantile regression and future improvement on the methodological design are also offered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8203081
JournalJournal of Advanced Transportation
Volume2019
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research is made possible by support from the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet and Federal Highway Administration.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Xu Zhang and Mei Chen.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management

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