Quark spins and anomalous Ward identity

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68 Scopus citations

Abstract

We calculate the intrinsic quark spin contribution to the total proton spin using overlap valence quarks on three ensembles of 2+1-flavor RBC/UKQCD domain-wall configurations with different lattice spacings. The lowest pion mass of the ensembles is around 171 MeV, which is close to the physical point. With overlap fermions and a topological charge derived from the overlap operator, we verify the anomalous Ward identity between nucleon states with momentum transfer. Both the connected and the disconnected insertions of the axial-vector current are calculated. For the disconnected-insertion part, the cluster-decomposition error reduction technique is utilized for the lattice with the largest volume and the error can be reduced by 10%-40%. Nonperturbative renormalization is carried out and the final results are all reported in the MS̄ scheme at 2 GeV. We determine the total quark spin contribution to the nucleon spin to be ΔΣ=0.405(25)(37), which is consistent with the recent global fitting result of experimental data. The isovector axial coupling we obtain in this study is gA3=1.254(16)(30), which agrees well with the experimental value of 1.2723(23).

Original languageEnglish
Article number074505
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume98
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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