Racial differences in patient-reported post-stroke disability in older adults

Charles Ellis, Gayenell Magwood, Brandi M. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Longstanding disparities have been reported in stroke-related outcomes with blacks experiencing more post-stroke disabilities. Little is known about long-term disability outcomes among older stroke survivors. This study was a retrospective analysis of data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). A group of 655 stroke survivors (541 white and 114 black) age 65 and older were asked to rate their ability to complete 10 functional tasks without special equipment. Univariate comparisons were completed using t-tests and chi-square statistics for racial comparisonsof disability reports. Multinomial logistic regression was used to determine odds of reporting disability after controlling for relevant covariates. The mean age of the sample was 76.6 years. After controlling for relevant covariates, white stroke survivors were less likely to report the following tasks being "very difficult/can't do at all" without using special equipment compared to blacks: reach overhead (OR = 0.39, 95% CI 0.23-0.65; p = 0.000) and grasp small objects (OR = 0.42, 95% CI 0.25-0.73; p = 0.002). Both black and white older stroke survivors experience significant post-stroke disability across a range of functional tasks. Slightly greater long term post-stroke disability appears to exist among older blacks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalGeriatrics (Switzerland)
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.


  • Disparities
  • Outcomes
  • Race
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Health(social science)


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