Racial/Ethnic Differences in Child Protective Services Reporting, Substantiation and Placement, With Comparison to Non-CPS Risks and Outcomes: 2005–2019

Brett Drake, Dylan Jones, Hyunil Kim, John Gyourko, Antonio Garcia, Richard P. Barth, Sarah A. Font, Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Jill Duerr Berrick, Johanna K.P. Greeson, Victoria Cook, Patricia L. Kohl, Melissa Jonson-Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System and Census data to examine Black–White and Hispanic–White disparities in reporting, substantiation, and out-of-home placement both descriptively from 2005–2019 and in multivariate models from 2007–2017. We also tracked contemporaneous social risk (e.g., child poverty) and child harm (e.g., infant mortality) disparities using non-child protective services (CPS) sources and compared them to CPS reporting rate disparities. Black–White CPS reporting disparities were lower than found in non-CPS risk and harm benchmarks. Consistent with the Hispanic paradox, Hispanic–White CPS reporting disparities were lower than risk disparities but similar to harm disparities. Descriptive and multivariate analyses of data from the past several years indicated that Black children were less likely to be substantiated or placed into out-of-home care following a report than White children. Hispanic children were slightly more likely to be substantiated or placed in out-of-home care than White children overall, but this difference disappeared in multivariate models. Available data provide no evidence that Black children were overreported relative to observed risks and harms reflected in non-CPS data. Reducing reporting rates among Black children will require addressing broader conditions associated with maltreatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-699
Number of pages17
JournalChild Maltreatment
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.

Keywords

  • child maltreatment
  • child protective services
  • epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Racial/Ethnic Differences in Child Protective Services Reporting, Substantiation and Placement, With Comparison to Non-CPS Risks and Outcomes: 2005–2019'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this