Differentiated thyroid carcinomas are typically treated with total thyroidectomy as initial therapy. Subsequent radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation destroys post-surgical thyroid remnants, can additionally provide adjuvant therapy of residual and metastatic thyroid cancers, and enhances the sensitivity and specificity of further diagnostic studies. There is current controversy regarding whether a large number of patients, broadly considered to have “low-risk” disease, should be provided RAI ablation. This is consequent to over-reliance on short-term studies, under-appreciation of the value of RAI remnant ablation, and inflation of the side effects of RAI therapy. A balanced assessment of all of these issues provides justification to utilize post-surgical radioiodine ablation, even in cases that are considered low risk on the basis of surgical findings.
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 25 2015|
- Radioactive iodine
- Thyroid carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism