Randomised controlled trial of zinc supplementation in malnourished Bangladeshi children with acute diarrhoea

S. K. Roy, A. M. Tomkins, S. M. Akramuzzaman, R. H. Behrens, R. Haider, D. Mahalanabis, G. Fuchs

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

111 Scopus citations


Objective - To evaluate the impact of zinc supplementation on the clinical course, stool weight, duration of diarrhoea, changes in serum zinc, and body weight gain of children with acute diarrhoea. Design - Randomised double blind controlled trial. Children were assigned to receive zinc (20 mg elemental zinc per day) containing multivitamins or control group (zinc-free multivitamins) daily in three divided doses for two weeks. Setting - A diarrhoeal disease hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Patients - 111 children, 3 to 24 months old, below 76% median weight for age of the National Center for Health Statistics standard with acute diarrhoea. Children with severe infection and/or oedema were excluded. Main outcome measures - Total diarrhoeal stool output, duration of diarrhoea, rate of weight gain, and changes in serum zinc levels after supplementation. Results - Stool output was 28% less and duration 14% shorter in the zinc supplemented group than placebo (p = 0.06). There were reductions in median total diarrhoeal stool output among zinc supplemented subjects who were shorter (less than 95% height for age), 239 v 326 g/kg (p < 0.04), and who had a lower initial serum zinc (<14 mmol/l), 279 v 329 g/kg (p < 0.05); a shortening of mean time to recovery occurred (4.7 v 6.2 days, p < 0.04) in those with lower serum zinc. There was an increase in mean serum zinc in the zinc supplemented group (+2.4 v -0.3 μmol/l, p < 0.001) during two weeks of supplementation, and better mean weight gain (120 v 30 g, p < 0.03) at the time of discharge from hospital. Conclusions - Zinc supplementation is a simple, acceptable, and affordable strategy which should be considered in the management of acute diarrhoea and in prevention of growth faltering in children specially those who are malnourished.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-200
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997


  • Acute diarrhoea
  • Malnutrition
  • Weight gain
  • Zinc supplementation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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