Rapid evolution of egg size in captive salmon

Daniel D. Heath, John W. Heath, Colleen A. Bryden, Rachel M. Johnson, Charles W. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

240 Scopus citations

Abstract

Captive breeding and release programs, widely used to supplement populations of declining species, minimize juvenile mortality to achieve rapid population growth. However, raising animals in benign environments may promote traits that are adaptive in captivity but maladaptive in nature. In chinook salmon, hatchery rearing relaxes natural selection favoring large eggs, allowing fecundity selection to drive exceptionally rapid evolution of small eggs. Trends toward small eggs are also evident in natural populations heavily supplemented by hatcheries, but not in minimally supplemented populations. Unintentional selection in captivity can lead to rapid changes in critical life-history traits that may reduce the success of supplementation or reintroduction programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1738-1740
Number of pages3
JournalScience
Volume299
Issue number5613
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 14 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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