Rapid synthesis, RNA binding, and antibacterial screening of a peptidic-aminosugar (PA) library

Liuwei Jiang, Derrick Watkins, Yi Jin, Changjun Gong, Ada King, Arren Z. Washington, Keith D. Green, Sylvie Garneau-Tsodikova, Adegboyega K. Oyelere, Dev P. Arya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


A 215-member mono- and diamino acid peptidic-aminosugar (PA) library, with neomycin as the model aminosugar, was systematically and rapidly synthesized via solid phase synthesis. Antibacterial activities of the PA library, on 13 bacterial strains (seven Gram-positive and six Gram-negative bacterial strains), and binding affinities of the PA library for a 27-base model of the bacterial 16S ribosomal A-site RNA were evaluated using high-throughput screening. The results of the two assays were correlated using Ribosomal Binding-Bacterial Inhibition Plot (RB-BIP) analysis to provide structure-activity relationship (SAR) information. From this work, we have identified PAs that can discriminate the E. coli A-site from the human A-site by up to a 28-fold difference in binding affinity. Aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme activity studies indicate that APH(2″)-Ia showed nearly complete removal of activity with a number of PAs. The synthesis of the compound library and screening can both be performed rapidly, allowing for an iterative process of aminoglycoside synthesis and screening of PA libraries for optimal binding and antibacterial activity for lead identification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1278-1289
Number of pages12
JournalACS Chemical Biology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 15 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Chemical Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine


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