Reactive astrocytes: The nexus of pathological and clinical hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Astrocyte reactivity is a hallmark of neuroinflammation that arises with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and nearly every other neurodegenerative condition. While astrocytes certainly contribute to classic inflammatory processes (e.g. cytokine release, waste clearance, and tissue repair), newly emerging technologies for measuring and targeting cell specific activities in the brain have uncovered essential roles for astrocytes in synapse function, brain metabolism, neurovascular coupling, and sleep/wake patterns. In this review, we use a holistic approach to incorporate, and expand upon, classic neuroinflammatory concepts to consider how astrocyte dysfunction/reactivity modulates multiple pathological and clinical hallmarks of AD. Our ever-evolving understanding of astrocyte signaling in neurodegeneration is not only revealing new drug targets and treatments for dementia but is suggesting we reimagine AD pathophysiological mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101335
JournalAgeing Research Reviews
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
LAJ is supported by R01 AG060056 and R01 AG062550 from the National Institute on Aging .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Astrocytes
  • Dementia
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Reactive astrocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Molecular Biology
  • Neurology

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