The ability of reboxetine, a selective inhibitor of the norepinephrine transporter and noncompetitive antagonist at neuronal nicotinic receptors, to alter nicotine self-administration in rats was compared with that of mecamylamine, a classical noncompetitive antagonist at nicotinic receptors. The ability of reboxetine to alter sucrose-maintained responding was also examined to assess the specificity of the effect on nicotine self-administration. Rats were trained on a fixed ratio 5 schedule to self-administer nicotine (0.02 mg/kg/infusion i.v.) or to respond for sucrose pellets. Upon reaching a stable baseline, rats were pretreated 15 min before the session with vehicle, reboxetine (racemic), (+)-(S,S)-reboxetine (0.3-30 mg/kg s.c.) or mecamylamine (0.5-4 mg/kg s.c). To assess the effect of repeated administration, reboxetine (5.6 mg/kg) was injected once daily for 14 consecutive sessions before either nicotine self-administration or sucrose-maintained responding. Specificity was further assessed by examining the ability of repeated administration of reboxetine (5.6 mg/kg) to alter nicotine-induced hyperactivity (0.8 mg/kg). Reboxetine, (+)-(S,S)-reboxetine, and mecamylamine dose dependently decreased nicotine self-administration by ∼60%, whereas reboxetine and (+)-(S,S)-reboxetine decreased sucrose-maintained responding to a lesser extent (∼20%). Repeated administration of reboxetine (5.6 mg/kg) decreased nicotine self-administration and sucrose-maintained responding across the 14 sessions, suggesting that tolerance did not develop to these effects of reboxetine. Additionally, reboxetine did not alter baseline locomotor activity, indicating that the decrease in operant responding for nicotine and sucrose was not the result of a nonspecific decrease in activity. The reboxetine-induced decrease in nicotine self-administration and sucrose-maintained responding may be the result of inhibition of norepinephrine transporters and/or neuronal nicotinic receptor function.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine