Recent Advances in Understanding the Molecular Pathophysiology of Angiotensin II Receptors: Lessons From Cell-Selective Receptor Deletion in Mice

Satoru Eguchi, Matthew A. Sparks, Hisashi Sawada, Hong S. Lu, Alan Daugherty, Jia L. Zhuo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is an essential hormonal system involved in water and sodium reabsorption, renal blood flow regulation, and arterial constriction. Systemic stimulation of the RAS with infusion of the main peptide angiotensin II (Ang II) in animals as well as pathological elevation of renin (ie, renovascular hypertension) to increase circulatory Ang II in humans ultimately lead to hypertension and end organ damage. In addition to hypertension, accumulating evidence supports that the Ang II type 1 receptor exerts a critical role in cardiovascular and kidney diseases independent of blood pressure elevation. In the past 2 decades, the identification of an increased number of peptides and receptors has facilitated the concept that the RAS has detrimental and beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system depending on which RAS components are activated. For example, angiotensin 1-7 and Ang II type 2 receptors act as a counter-regulatory system against the classical RAS by mediating vasodilation. Although the RAS as an endocrine system for regulation of blood pressure is well established, there remain many unanswered questions and controversial findings regarding blood pressure regulation and pathophysiological regulation of cardiovascular diseases at the tissue level. This review article includes the latest knowledge gleaned from cell type-selective gene deleted mice regarding cell type-specific roles of Ang II receptors and their significance in health and diseases are discussed. In particular, we focus on the roles of these receptors expressed in vascular, cardiac, and kidney epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1795-1807
Number of pages13
JournalCanadian Journal of Cardiology
Volume39
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Canadian Cardiovascular Society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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