Reciprocal relationship between self-efficacy and achievement in mathematics among high school students: First author

Ruixue Liu, Cindy Jong, Meng Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Self-efficacy or perceived ability refers to the confidence an individual has in their ability to successfully perform a specific task. Previous researchers have demonstrated the importance of self-efficacy beliefs and its impact on predicting students’ mathematics performances. Specifically, gender has been regarded as an important moderator variable in the prediction of achievement from measures of affect. To this end, using data from High School Longitudinal Study of 2009, this study utilized the multi-group analysis under the framework of structural equation modeling to examine gender differences in the reciprocal relationship between mathematics self-efficacy and mathematics achievement. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences between male students and female students in the reciprocal relationship between mathematics self-efficacy and mathematics achievement; the impact of prior mathematics achievement on later mathematics achievement was stronger than the impact of prior mathematics self-efficacy on later mathematics self-efficacy. Significance of these findings were discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14
JournalLarge-Scale Assessments in Education
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

Keywords

  • Gender difference
  • Mathematics achievement
  • Reciprocal relationship
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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