Recommendations to Bridge Rural/ Urban Drug-Use(r) Research and Practice

Carl G. Leukefeld, Ruth W. Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


This article presents recommendations developed by a group of United States drug-use(r) researchers interested in rural and urban research and practice who met in Lexington, Kentucky, in October 1996. Overall, there was consensus about the importance of better understanding the urban/rural drug and alcohol use/dependency continuum. It was emphasized that drug and alcohol use/dependency are chronic and relapsing disorders. Definitions of rural and urban are most important, and different definitions may be associated with factors that are masked by population density. Specific recommendations are presented in the following areas: Rural Factors, Epidemiology, HIV/AIDS, Treatment and Other Services, Migration, Youth, Protective Factors, Systems Perspective, Measurement, Confidentiality, Criminal Justice, Research, Policy Research, Economic Factors, Service Providers, and Managed Care. [Translations are provided in the International Abstracts Section of this issue.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-793
Number of pages9
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number42099
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999


  • Drug use
  • Practice
  • Recommendations
  • Research
  • Rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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