Recurrent migration of peripherally inserted central catheter into the azygos vein

Goutham Talari, Preetham Talari, Saurabh Parasramka, Aibek E Mirrakhimov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) migration into azygos vein (AV) is a rare complication. It is recognised only when catheter malfunction occurs or when patients develop associated complications. PICC migration into AV has been reported to be associated with various complications such as catheter malfunction, perforation, haemorrhage, thrombosis, infection and stenosis of AV. Pleural effusion and trachea-azygos fistulas have also been reported. We present a patient with recurrent migration of PICC into AV after an initial corrective repositioning during the same hospital stay. In this case, PICC migration was possibly related to left-sided approach, use of smaller diameter PICC, severe congestive heart failure and her bedbound status. PICC migration should be considered when PICC found be malfunctioning, especially if associated with the above risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ Case Reports
StatePublished - Jan 23 2018

Bibliographical note

© BMJ Publishing Group Ltd (unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.


  • Adult
  • Azygos Vein
  • Catheterization, Peripheral/instrumentation
  • Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects
  • Female
  • Foreign-Body Migration
  • Humans
  • Recurrence


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