Redox-dependent regulation of interleukin-8 by tumor necrosis factor-α in lung epithelial cells

Petia P. Simeonova, Stephen Leonard, Lori Flood, Xianglin Shi, Michael I. Luster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Increasing evidence supports a major role for interleukin-8 (IL-8), a potent neutrophil chemoattractant, in the chronic progression of inflammatory lung diseases. The present studies were designed to characterize the molecular events involved in IL-8 induction in pulmonary epithelial cells in response to tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α). IL-8 induction by TNF-α was redox sensitive, as indicated by electron spin resonance analysis and inhibition with membrane permeable hydroxyl scavengers. Furthermore using cell transfection and mobility shift assays, it was found that transcriptional activation of the IL-8 gene required TNF-α-induced activation and binding of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)- and NF-IL-6, nuclear transcription factors to regulatory elements in the IL-8 promoter. Activation of the IL-8 promoter by these transcription factors was also redox-sensitive. This response was mediated through the TNF-R1 receptor (p55), and not the TNF-R2 (p75) receptor, although both receptors can be found on pulmonary epithelial cells. Taken together these studies indicate that TNF-α-induced redox changes in lung epithelial cells are responsible for the transcriptional activation of IL-8 and that coordinate activation of NF-κB and NF-IL-6 mediate the response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1027-1037
Number of pages11
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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