Redox proteomics in aging rat brain: Involvement of mitochondrial reduced glutathione status and mitochondrial protein oxidation in the aging process

M. Perluigi, F. Di Domenico, A. Giorgi, M. E. Schininà, R. Coccia, C. Cini, F. Bellia, M. T. Cambria, C. Cornelius, D. A. Butterfield, V. Calabrese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increasing evidence supports the notion that increased oxidative stress is a fundamental cause in the aging process and in neurodegenerative diseases. As a result, a decline in cognitive function is generally associated with brain aging. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are highly reactive intermediates, which can modify proteins, nucleic acids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, leading to neuronal damage. Because proteins are major components of biological systems and play key roles in a variety of cellular functions, oxidative damage to proteins represents a primary event observed in aging and age-related neurodegenerative disorders. In the present study, with a redox proteomics approach, we identified mitochondrial oxidatively modified proteins as a function of brain aging, specifically in those brain regions, such as cortex and hippocampus, that are commonly affected by the aging process. In all brain regions examined, many of the identified proteins were energy-related, such as pyruvate kinase, ATP synthase, aldolase, creatine kinase, and α-enolase. These alterations were associated with significant changes in both cytosolic and mitochondrial redox status in all brain regions analyzed. Our finding is in line with current literature postulating that free radical damage and decreased energy production are characteristic hallmarks of the aging process. In additon, our results further contribute to identifying common pathological pathways involved both in aging and in neurodegenerative disease development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3498-3507
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume88
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Central nervous system
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Oxidative stress
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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