The optimal dose and duration of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) administered with ultrasound-facilitated catheter-directed thrombolysis (USCDT) to patients with acute PE remains to be determined. Our institution recently adopted a shorter duration (4 h) of USCDT and lower dosing strategy (tPA 1 mg/h) based on data from the OPTALYSE PE Trial. The purpose was to evaluate the implementation at our institution of shorter duration (4 h) of USCDT and lower dosing strategy (tPA 1 mg/h) as outlined by OPTALYSE PE Trial. This was a retrospective, single-center, observational study included patients from 01/01/2017 to 12/31/2018 in a large, academic medical center. Group 1 represented patients who underwent USCDT prior to 01/18/18. Group 2 represented patients who underwent USCDT after 01/18/18 and received 4 h of USCDT and tPA 1 mg/h/catheter. The primary outcome was intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS). Secondary outcomes were the proportion of patients experiencing a composite of major adverse events (death, recurrent PE, major bleeding, or stroke), change in right ventricle size/function and pulmonary artery pressures, need for mechanical respiratory or hemodynamic support, hospital LOS and drug cost. A total of 31 patients were included in the study: twenty patients in Group 1 and eleven patients in Group 2. Median ICU LOS was 3.5 days in Group 1 and 1 day in Group 2. Group 2 had reduced MACE, requirement for mechanical respiratory or hemodynamic support, hospital LOS, drug costs and adverse events. Implementation of a shorter duration of USCDT and lower dosing strategy for tPA in patients with acute PE may be one strategy to reduce the total ICU LOS and costs associated with care.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis|
|State||Published - May 1 2020|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
- Catheter directed thrombolysis
- Pulmonary embolism
- Tissue plasminogen activator
- Ultrasound facilitated catheter directed thrombolysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine