Reduced efficacy of anti-Aβ immunotherapy in a mouse model of amyloid deposition and vascular cognitive impairment comorbidity

Erica M. Weekman, Tiffany L. Sudduth, Carly N. Caverly, Timothy J. Kopper, Oliver W. Phillips, Dave K. Powell, Donna M. Wilcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vascular cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) is the second most common form of dementia behind Alzheimer’s disease (AD). It is estimated that 40% of AD patients also have some form of VCID. One promising therapeutic for AD is anti-Aβ immunotherapy, which uses antibodies against Aβ to clear it from the brain. While successful in clearing Aβ and improving cognition in mice, anti-Aβ immunotherapy failed to reach primary cognitive outcomes in several different clinical trials. We hypothesized that one potential reason the anti-Aβ immunotherapy clinical trials were unsuccessful was due to this high percentage of VCID comorbidity in the AD population. We used our unique model of VCID-amyloid comorbidity to test this hypothesis. We placed 9-month-old wild-type and APP/PS1 mice on either a control diet or a diet that induces hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy). After being placed on the diet for 3 months, the mice then received intraperotineal injections of either IgG2a control or 3D6 for another 3 months. Whilewefound that treatment of our comorbidity model with 3D6 resulted in decreased totalAβ levels, there was no cognitive benefit of the anti-Aβ immunotherapy in our AD/VCID mice. Further, microhemorrhages were increased by 3D6 in the APP/PS1/control but further increased in an additive fashion when 3D6 was administered to the APP/PS1/HHcy mice. This suggests that the use of anti-Aβ immunotherapy in patients with bothADand VCID would be ineffective on cognitive outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9896-9907
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume36
Issue number38
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 the authors.

Keywords

  • Amyloid
  • Immunotherapy
  • Microglia
  • Microhemorrhage
  • Mixed dementia
  • Vascular cognitive impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience

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