Reduced efficacy of ivermectin and moxidectin against Parascaris spp. in foals from Argentina

Laura G. Cooper, Gabriel Caffe, Julieta Cerutti, Martin K. Nielsen, Oscar S. Anziani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Macrocyclic lactones are the most widely used drugs for the control of gastrointestinal nematodes of horses in Argentina. Ivermectin and moxidectin are used as broad spectrum anthelmintics and although there are several international reports on the resistance of Parascaris spp., the resistance status of the local nematode population is largely unknow. This report informs a case of suboptimal efficacy to both drugs to control Parascaris spp in foals in central Argentina. In February 2018, routine fecal parasite egg counts showed a moderate-high number of Parascaris spp eggs (mean = 680 eggs per gram of feces) in foals treated approximately one month before with moxidectin. Upon suspicion of resistance of this parasite to the macrocyclic lactones, 24 of these animals were selected for a fecal egg count reduction test (FECRT). Twelve foals were treated with ivermectin and the remaining 12 animals with moxidectin. Two weeks after treatment, the FECRT was 48.1% and 34.8% for moxidectin and ivermectin respectively (25% of the animals increased the number of eggs in feces after treatment). Five days later, the administration of fenbendazole resulted in a FECRT = 100%. The monitoring of the status of susceptibility or resistance in each establishment is critical for the design of control programs based on rational and sustainable use of anthelmintics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100388
JournalVeterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports
Volume20
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Argentina
  • Ivermectin
  • Moxidectin
  • Parascaris

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • General Veterinary

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