Reducing phosphorus inputs for grazing Holstein steers

A. M. Brokman, J. W. Lehmkuhler, D. J. Undersander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A 2-yr study was conducted to confirm that managed pastures can provide Holstein steers adequate P to meet their daily requirement. Treatments offered were trace mineralized salt with or without additional P. In the first year, 80 Holstein steers (248 kg of BW) were assigned to 4 grazing groups. Treatments were trace mineralized salt only or a 67:33 mixture of trace mineralized salt and dicalcium phosphate. Steers rotationally grazed a cool-season grass/legume mixture for 137 d. Fecal bags were placed on 3 steers from each grazing group (n = 12) over a 4-d period for estimation of forage DMI and forage contribution to daily P intake twice during the grazing season. Analyzed pasture samples contained 3.28 mg of P/g of DM. During the second year, 72 Holstein steers (297 kg of BW) were blocked into 2 BW groups and subsequently assigned to 1 of 4 pasture groups. Steers rotationally grazed the same forage base as the first year for 126 d. Pasture samples contained 3.27 mg of P/g of DM. No significant differences (P > 0.10) were detected for BW, ADG, or free-choice supplemental mineral intake. Forage provided 126% of the recommended NRC P requirement. Thus, supplemental phosphorous was not required for Holstein steers grazing mixed, cool-season, grass/legume pastures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-719
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Cattle
  • Grazing
  • Holstein
  • Mineral
  • Phosphorus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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