Regional myocardial ischemia-induced activation of MAPKs is associated with subcellular redistribution of caveolin and cholesterol

Cherry Ballard-Croft, Adam C. Locklar, Gentian Kristo, Robert D. Lasley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Ischemia-reperfusion activates ERK and p38 MAPK in cardiac membranes, but the role of caveolae in MAPK signaling during this stress has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of in vivo myocardial ischemia-reperfusion on the level and distribution of caveolin-1 and -3 and cholesterol as well as MAPK activation in caveolin-enriched fractions. Adult male rats were subjected to in vivo regional myocardial ischemia induced by 25 min of coronary artery occlusion and 10 min (n = 5) or 2 h (n = 4) of reperfusion. Another group of rats served as appropriate nonischemic time controls (n = 4). A discontinuous sucrose density gradient was used to isolate caveolae/lipid rafts from ischemic and nonischemic heart tissue. Caveolin-1 and -3, as well as cholesterol, were enriched in the light fractions. A redistribution of caveolin-3 and a reduction in caveolin-1 and cholesterol levels in the light fractions occurred after 10 min of reperfusion. The ERKs were activated in ischemic zone light and heavy fractions by 10 min of reperfusion. p44 ERK was activated after 2 h of reperfusion only in the light fractions, whereas p42 ERK phosphorylation was increased in the light and heavy fractions. Although no p38 MAPK activation occurred after 10 min of reperfusion, 2 h of reperfusion caused significant activation of p38 MAPK in nonischemic zone light and heavy fractions. These results show the importance of caveolar membrane/lipid rafts in MAPK signaling and suggest that subcellular compartmentation of p44/p42 ERKs and p38 MAPK may play distinct roles in the response to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H658-H667
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2006


  • Caveolae
  • Caveolin-1
  • Caveolin-3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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