Regulation of gene and protein expression in the lyme disease spirochete

Brian Stevenson, Janakiram Seshu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The infectious cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi necessitates persistent infection of both vertebrates and ticks, and efficient means of transmission between those two very different types of hosts. The Lyme disease spirochete has evolved mechanisms to sense its location in the infectious cycle, and use that information to control production of the proteins and other factors required for each step. Numerous components of borrelial regulatory pathways have been characterized to date. Their effects are being pieced together, thereby providing glimpses into a complex web of cooperative and antagonistic interactions. In this chapter, we present a broad overview of B. burgdorferi gene and protein regulation during the natural infectious cycle, discussions of culture-based methods for elucidating regulatory mechanisms, and summaries of many of the known regulatory proteins and small molecules. We also highlight areas that are in need of substantially more research.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCurrent Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Pages83-112
Number of pages30
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Publication series

NameCurrent Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Volume415
ISSN (Print)0070-217X
ISSN (Electronic)2196-9965

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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