Regulation of the myoblast-specific expression of the human β-enolase gene

J. M. Taylor, J. D. Davies, C. A. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The muscle-specific β-enolase gene is expressed in proliferating adult myoblasts as well as in differentiated myotubes. Through deletion- transfection analysis, we identified a 79-base pair enhancer from the β- enolase gene that leads to high level expression of a reporter gene in myoblasts, but not in fibroblasts. Following myoblast differentiation into myotubes, the activity of the enhancer declined, indicating that β-enolase gene expression in myotubes is mediated by other regulators, possibly the myogenic helix-loop-helix family of transcription factors. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays indicated that proteins present in myoblast nuclear extracts specifically bind to the 31 half of the 79-base pair enhancer. This region contains an ets DNA-binding motif which is required not only for high level activity in myoblasts, but also for repressing activity in fibroblasts. Furthermore, the β-enolase myoblast-specific enhancer shows limited similarity to the myoblast-specific enhancer associated with the human desmin gene, suggesting that gene expression in adult myoblasts may be coordinately regulated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2535-2540
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Feb 10 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Regulation of the myoblast-specific expression of the human β-enolase gene'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this