We investigated the relation between the presence of matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs) and direction of remodeling in the coronary lesions of 35 patients. Positive arterial remodeling describes a compensatory expansion of the external elastic membrane (EEM) area of atherosclerotic lesions. An association between positive remodeling and unstable clinical presentation has been previously described. However, the pathophysiology of the remodeling process is not completely understood. Preinterventional intravascular ultrasound images and directional atherectomy (DCA) samples were analyzed. The remodeling ratio was calculated as the EEM area at the lesion site divided by the EEM area at the proximal reference. Positive, intermediate, and negative remodeling were defined as ratios of >1.05, 0.95 to 1.05, and <0.95, respectively. The histologic samples were immunostained for MMP-1, -2, -3, and -9. Positive, intermediate, and negative remodeling was present in 15, 7, and 13 lesions, respectively. Mild and intense cell-associated staining for MMP-1 was found in 21 (68%) and 10 (32%) patients, respectively. Staining for MMP-3 was mild in 20 patients (67%) and intense in 10 patients (33%). Immunostaining for MMP-2 and -9 was mild in all samples. Intense staining for MMP-3 was significantly more common in lesions with positive than negative and/or intermediate remodeling (58% vs 17%; p = 0.04; p = 0.053 after adjustment for gender). Thus, in this in vivo intravascular ultrasound and histologic study, increased cell-associated MMP-3 staining was associated with positive arterial remodeling.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Cardiology|
|State||Published - Jun 15 2002|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Dr. Schoenhagen is supported by a postdoctoral fellowship award from the Ohio Valley Regional Affiliate of the American Heart Association, St. Petersburg, Florida.
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine