Relational Well-being: An Indigenous Perspective and Measure

Laurie D. Mccubbin, Hamilton I. Mccubbin, Wei Zhang, Lisa Kehl, Ida Strom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Extant measures of well-being, guided by western European values and beliefs, reveal a scientific commitment to develop and test indices to monitor the social, psychological, familial, and economic status of populations. The limitations of these measures to ethnic populations are addressed in this study. Relational Well-being (RWB II), an indigenous, culture-based 14-item measure rooted in beliefs and values emphasizing family, ancestors, culture, and harmony with nature, was developed and tested with a sample (N=810) of indigenous Hawaiians in Hawaii. Exploratory factor analysis (n=408), confirmatory factor analysis (n =402), test of invariance, and tests of reliability and validity confirmed the psychometric quality of RWB II. The applicability of the composite index of Relational Well-being II as well as its six underlying factors (Resilience, Community Involvement, Financial Stability, Cultural Practice, Family Commitment, and Health Care) to family theory of resilience, research, and education are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-365
Number of pages12
JournalFamily Relations
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2013


  • Family
  • Hawaiian
  • Indigenous
  • Relational
  • Resilience
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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