Relations of five-factor model antagonism facets with personality disorder symptomatology

Seth R. Axelrod, Thomas A. Widiger, Timothy J. Trull, Elizabeth M. Corbitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


The Five-Factor Model of Personality (FFM) has been used to conceptualize personality disorders as maladaptive variants of normal personality traits. This study assessed the convergence of 6 lower order traits, or facets, of FFM agreeableness versus antagonism (trust, straightforwardness, altruism, compliance, modesty, and tender-mindedness) with antisocial, borderline, narcissistic, paranoid, and passive-aggressive personality traits. Interview-based seems for all of the antagonism facets except compliance demonstrated the expected relations with these personality disorder traits. Results for self-reported facet scores were loss clearly supportive, only yielding convergence for straightforwardness and altruism with respect to antisocial traits. It is suggested that future investigations of the FFM, or other normal personality trait models, and personality disorder symptomatology include analyses at the lower order trait level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-313
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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