Relationship between periodontal disease and asthma among overweight/obese adults

Roberto Rivera, Oelisoa M. Andriankaja, Cynthia M. Perez, Kaumudi Joshipura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim To assess the relationship between oral health and asthma. Methods Data from 1315 overweight or obese individuals, aged 40-65 years were used. Asthma was self-reported, whereas periodontitis, bleeding on probing (BOP) and plaque index were determined by clinical examinations. Results Using logistic regression adjusting for gender, smoking status, age, body mass index, family history of asthma and income level, revealed that the odds ratio (OR) of asthma for a participant with severe periodontitis was 0.44 (95% confidence interval: 0.27, 0.70) that of a participant with none/mild periodontitis. On the other hand, proportion of BOP sites and plaque index were not statistically significant. For a participant with severe periodontitis, the OR of taking asthma medication was 0.20 (95% confidence interval: 0.09, 0.43) that of a participant with none/mild periodontitis. Moreover, proportion of BOP sites was statistically associated with use of asthma medication, whereas plaque index still remained non-significant. Conclusion Participants with severe periodontitis were less likely to have asthma. Stronger evidence of an inverse association was found when using asthma medication as outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)566-571
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research has been supported by NIH/NIDCR (R01DE020111).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • asthma
  • asthma medication
  • hygiene hypothesis
  • periodontal disease
  • periodontitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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