Relationship characteristics and protective orders among a diverse sample of women

T. K. Logan, Jennifer Cole, Lisa Shannon, Robert Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


This study examines descriptive information for rural White (n∈=∈371), urban White (n∈=∈254), and urban African American (n∈=∈103) women with protective orders on relationship characteristics, victimization experiences, protective order stipulations and violations, and self-reported effectiveness of the orders. Results indicate that women, regardless of group, reported high rates of physical and psychological violence. Although the majority of the women reported the protective order was effective, almost one in four women reported their partner had violated the order even though the order had only been in effect an average of five weeks. The rural White women reported longer involvement in the violent relationship, worse economic circumstances, more victimization, more protective order stipulations, and feeling less safe compared to the urban groups. The urban White and the urban African American women in this sample were very similar with regard to self-reported relationship and socioeconomic characteristics as well as on perceptions of protective order effectiveness and satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-246
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Violence
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research for and preparation of this article were supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Grant Number AA12735-01 and the University of Kentucky General Clinical Research Organization funded by the National Institute of Health Grant #M01RR02602. T.Logan(*).J.Cole.L.Shannon.R.Walker Center on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, 1141 Red Mile Rd., Ste. 201, Lexington, KY 40504, USA e-mail:


  • African American women
  • Partner violence
  • Restraining orders
  • Rural women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Law


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