Relationship of personal tobacco-raising, parental smoking, and other factors to tobacco use among adolescents living in a tobacco-producing region

Melody Powers Noland, Richard J. Kryscio, John Hinkle, Richard S. Riggs, Linda H. Linville, Viki Y. Ford, Thomas C. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined factors related to tobacco use among youth from tobacco-raising (TRH) and nonraising households (NRH). The subjects were 3.851 seventh-grade students from 19 middle schools located in a tobacco- raising region. Valid self-reports of tobacco use were encouraged by the use of a test for carbon monoxide in expired air. Cigarette use was higher when (a) at least one parent smoked, and/or (b) the student personally raised tobacco. A boy who personally raised tobacco and had at least one parent who smoked was 10.2 times more likely to have smoked in the last 7 days than a boy from a nonraising household in which neither parent smoked. For girls, the odds ratio was 5.6:1. Tobacco use among students in this high-risk group was higher than rates reported in national or regional studies. Other results were: (1) use began very early-16% of the students had tried cigarettes and 13% of the boys had tried smokeless, tobacco (SLT) in Grade 3 or earlier: and (2) titers, reported more lenient rules at home regarding tobacco use than did nonusers. Years from now, these high-risk students are likely to be major contributors to increased morbidity and mortality due to tobacco use. Implications for tobacco prevention in tobacco-raising areas are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-361
Number of pages13
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by grant CA48625 from the National Cancer Institute. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the National Cancer Institute.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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