Reliability and minimal detectable change of the weight-bearing lunge test: A systematic review

Cameron J. Powden, Johanna M. Hoch, Matthew C. Hoch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (DROM) is often a point of emphasis during the rehabilitation of lower extremity pathologies. With the growing popularity of weight-bearing DROM assessments, several versions of the weight-bearing lunge (WBLT) test have been developed and numerous reliability studies have been conducted. The purpose of this systematic review was to critically appraise and synthesize the studies which examined the reliability and responsiveness of the WBLT to assess DROM. A systematic search of PubMed and EBSCO Host databases from inception to September 2014 was conducted to identify studies whose primary aim was assessing the reliability of the WBLT. The Quality Appraisal of Reliability Studies assessment tool was utilized to determine the quality of included studies. Relative reliability was examined through intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and responsiveness was evaluated through minimal detectable change (MDC). A total of 12 studies met the eligibility criteria and were included. Nine included studies assessed inter-clinician reliability and 12 included studies assessed intra-clinician reliability. There was strong evidence that inter-clinician reliability (ICC=0.80-0.99) as well as intra-clinician reliability (ICC=0.65-0.99) of the WBLT is good. Additionally, average MDC scores of 4.6° or 1.6cm for inter-clinician and 4.7° or 1.9cm for intra-clinician were found, indicating the minimal change in DROM needed to be outside the error of the WBLT. This systematic review determined that the WBLT, regardless of method, can be used clinically to assess DROM as it provides consistent results between one or more clinicians and demonstrates reasonable responsiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-532
Number of pages9
JournalManual Therapy
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Keywords

  • Ankle
  • Assessment
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Range of motion
  • Repeatability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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