Rem is a new member of the Rad- and Gem/Kir Ras-related GTP-binding protein family repressed by lipopolysaccharide stimulation

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Abstract

We report the cDNA cloning and characterization of a novel GTP-binding protein, termed Rem (for Rad and Gem-related), that was identified as a product of polymerase chain reaction amplification using oligonucleotide primers derived from conserved regions of the Rad, Gem, and Kir Ras subfamily. Alignment of the fulllength open reading frame of mouse Rem revealed the encoded protein to be 47% identical to the Rad, Gem, and Kir proteins. The distinct structural features of the Rad, Gem, and Kir subfamily are maintained including a series of nonconservative amino acid substitutions at positions important for GTPase activity and a unique sequence motif thought to direct membrane association. Recombinant Rem binds GTP in a specific and saturable manner. Ribonuclease protection analysis found Rem to be expressed at comparatively high levels in cardiac muscle and at moderate levels in lung, skeletal muscle, and kidney. The administration of lipopolysaccharide to mice, a potent activator of the inflammatory and immune systems, results in the general repression of Rem mRNA levels in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Thus, Rem is the first Ras-related gene whose mRNA levels have been shown to be regulated by repression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21982-21988
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 29 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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