Renal nerves affect rate of achieving sodium balance in spontaneously hypertensive rats

S. G. Greenberg, C. Enders, J. L. Osborn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has an elevated efferent sympathetic nerve activity, suggesting that the renal handling of sodium and water may be altered. This study evaluated the renal neurogenic influence on the rate of achieving sodium balance in adult SHRs and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats after either a step increase or step decrease in fixed sodium intake. Conscious, unrestrained rats with either innervated or denervated kidneys were initially placed on a low-sodium (0.3 mEq/d) or high-sodium (5.0 mEq/d) intake by intravenous infusion. Hourly urinary sodium excretion was determined 24 hours before and 72 hours after sodium intake had been increased from low to high or decreased from high to low. After either step change in fixed sodium intake, both innervated SHRs and innervated WKY rats achieved sodium balance within 24 hours. Similarly, the time course of achieving sodium balance was nearly identical between WKY rats with innervated and denervated kidneys after either switch in sodium intake. In SHRs receiving a step increase in sodium intake, both innervated and denervated kidneys increased urinary sodium excretion equally for 9 hours; however, at this time, innervated SHRs continued to increase sodium excretion rapidly, whereas denervated rats were delayed in a further response. Thus, innervated SHRs achieved sodium balance approximately 18 hours sooner than denervated SHRs. Differences in urinary sodium excretion did not result from concomitant changes in plasma renin activity or mean arterial pressure. These data suggest that in sodium depletion of SHRs and WKY rats, the mechanism for immediate regulation of urinary sodium excretion appears to be independent of renal sympathetic outflow, whereas the renal nerves do provide a rapid sodium excretory response to a step increase in sodium intake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • hypertension, renal
  • renin- angiotensin system
  • sodium chloride
  • water-electrolyte balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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