Resistance to QoI fungicides in ascochyta rabiei from chickpea in the Northern Great Plains

K. A. Wise, C. A. Bradley, J. S. Pasche, N. C. Gudmestad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wise, K. A., Bradley, C. A., Pasche, J. S., and Gudmestad, N. C. 2009. Resistance to QoI fungicides in Ascochyta rabiei from chickpea in the Northern Great Plains. Plant Dis. 93:528-536. Ascochyta blight, caused by Ascochyta rabiei (teleomorph: Didymella rabiei), is an important fungal disease of chickpea (Cicer arietinum). A monitoring program was established in 2005 to determine the sensitivity of A. rabiei isolates to the QoI (strobilurin) fungicides azoxystrobin and pyraclostrobin. A total of 403 isolates of A. rabiei from the Northern Great Plains and the Pacific Northwest were tested. Ninety-eight isolates collected between 2005 and 2007 were tested using an in vitro spore germination assay to determine the effective fungicide concentration at which 50% of conidial germination was inhibited (EC 50) for each isolate-fungicide combination. A discriminatory dose of 1 μg/ml azoxystrobin was established and used to test 305 isolates from 2006 and 2007 for in vitro QoI fungicide sensitivity. Sixty-five percent of isolates collected from North Dakota in 2005, 2006, and 2007 and from Montana in 2007 were found to exhibit a mean 100-fold decrease in sensitivity to both azoxystrobin and pyraclostrobin when compared to sensitive isolates, and were considered to be resistant to azoxystrobin and pyraclostrobin. Under greenhouse conditions, QoI-resistant isolates of A. rabiei caused significantly higher amounts of disease than sensitive isolates on azoxystrobin- or pyraclostrobin-amended plants. These results suggest that disease control may be inadequate at locations where resistant isolates are present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)528-536
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Disease
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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