Response of broad-spectrum and target-specific seed treatments and seeding rate on soybean seed yield, profitability, and economic risk

Adam P. Gaspar, Daren S. Mueller, Kiersten A. Wise, Martin I. Chilvers, Albert U. Tenuta, Shawn P. Conley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Seed-applied fungicides and insecticides have become common components in modern soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] production for their broad-spectrum activity. However, adding a target-specific seed treatment (fluopyram) to these seed treatment packages in light of increased costs and declining grain sale prices has not been evaluated. Reducing seeding rates (SRs) is possibly one avenue to maximize the economic benefit of seed treatments. Three seed treatments and six SRs were evaluated to determine yield, profitability, and economic risk benefits across 26 environments. Seed treatment effects on plant stand and yield were environment specific. Commercial base (CB) and CB plus fluopyram (ILeVO) seed treatments increased plant stand over the untreated control (UTC) and across all environments, the addition of fluopyram in ILeVO increased yield by 2.8% over CB. In environments where sudden death syndrome (SDS) symptoms were present, yield response of ILeVO over CB was 5.3 and 6.1%. The CB treatment, and more so, ILeVO, lowered farmer risk (>70%) and increased profit (9–78 US$ ha−1) at currently recommended and reduced SRs regardless of grain sale prices. The lowest risk and largest average profit increase always occurred at the economically optimal SR (EOSR), which decreased with the grain sale price and differed between seed treatments by as much as 17,000 seed ha−1. This study reinforces the profit and economic risk benefits of broad spectrum and target specific seed treatments across diverse environments. These benefits may be amplified by targeting fields with a history of early-season insect and disease pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2251-2262
Number of pages12
JournalCrop Science
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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