Responses of human dental pulp cells after application of a low-concentration bleaching gel to enamel

Diana G. Soares, Fernanda G. Basso, Débora Salles Scheffel, Josimeri Hebling, Carlos A. De Souza Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Abstract Objective To evaluate the effect of a 17.5% H2O2 gel on the odontoblastic differentiation capability of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). Design The bleaching gel was applied for 45, 15 or 5 min to enamel/dentine discs adapted to transwells, positioned over previously cultured HDPCs. In the control group, no treatment was performed on the discs. Immediately after samples were bleached, the cell viability (MTT assay) and death (Live/Dead assay) as well as the mRNA gene expression of inflammatory mediators (TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6, and COX-2; real-time PCR) were evaluated. The mRNA gene expression of odontoblastic markers (DMP-1, DSPP, and ALP) and mineralized nodule deposition (alizarin red) were assessed at 7, 14 and 21 days post-bleaching. The amount of H2O2 in contact with cells was quantified. Data were evaluated by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (α = 5%). Results Significant cell viability reduction and cell death were observed for bleached groups relative to control in a time-dependent fashion. Also, significant overexpression of all inflammatory mediators tested occurred in the 45- and 15-min groups. In the bleached groups, the expression of ALP, DMP-1, and DSPP and the deposition of mineralized nodules were reduced in comparison with those in the control group, at the initial periods (7 and 14 days). However, the 15- and 5-min groups reached values similar to those in the control group at the 21-day period. Conclusions The 17.5% H2O2 gel was cytotoxic to pulp cells; however, cells subjected to short-term bleaching are capable of expressing the odontoblastic phenotype over time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3413
Pages (from-to)1428-1436
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jul 11 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


  • Dental pulp
  • Differentiation
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Odontoblasts
  • Tooth bleaching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • General Dentistry
  • Cell Biology


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