Review of grit and resilience literature within health professions education

Jaclyn M. Stoffel, Jeff Cain

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations


Objective. To review literature pertaining to grit and resilience in health professions education. Findings. There is significant interest in grit and resilience throughout the health professions, but little has been published with regard to pharmacy. Although there are methodological issues with defining and measuring grit and resilience, several studies have shown relationships between the constructs and personal and academic well-being. Educational interventions aimed at increasing grit and resilience have produced mixed results. Developing protective factors appears to be the most common approach in helping students become more resilient. Summary. Literature pertaining to grit and resilience reveals that the terms are nuanced, complex, and difficult to measure and understand. Regardless, the general characteristics associated with grit and resilience are of interest to educators and warrant further study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6150
Pages (from-to)124-134
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. All rights reserved.


  • Grit
  • Mental health
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Pharmacy


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