Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Personal Mastery Among Sexual Minority African-American Female Sex Workers

Mance E. Buttram, Hilary L. Surratt, Steven P. Kurtz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research among sexual minorities has traditionally examined problems such as substance use, HIV risk, mental health problems, and victimization. Among sexual minority street-based female sex workers, these vulnerabilities can be magnified. Grounded in theories of resilience, this study examines risk and protective factors associated with a high level of personal mastery among a vulnerable population of women. Data are drawn from baseline interviews from street-based African-American female sex workers enrolled in a randomized intervention trial in Miami, Florida. We compare sexual minority (N = 197) and heterosexual (N = 365) women on measures of risk and protective factors; among sexual minority women we present logistic regression analyses which reveal that severe mental distress and HIV transmission risk are associated with low levels of personal mastery, while protective factors of transportation access and social support are associated with high levels of personal mastery. These findings suggest that these protective factors may potentially facilitate the development of personal mastery and represent beneficial avenues for intervention efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-425
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • African-American
  • personal mastery
  • sex work
  • sexual minority

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science

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