Risk factors for deaths in under-age-five children attending a diarrhoea treatment centre

T. Teka, A. S.G. Faruque, G. J. Fuchs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Few case-control studies have examined possible risk factors for diarrhoeal deaths in under-age-five children in the developing countries. We analysed data from the surveillance system of our diarrhoea treatment centre/hospital for the period 1990-94 on 928 children less than 5 years of age. In univariate analysis, 11 factors were significantly associated with death: lack of breastfeeding, severe malnutrition, complicated diarrhoea, pneumonia, xerophthalmia, duration of diarrhoea 7-14 days, moderate or severe dehydration, recent history of measles, Shigella flexneri infection, maternal illiteracy, and very low household income. Rotavirus diarrhoea was negatively associated with fatal outcome. In the assessment of severe malnutrition, weight-for-height measurement discriminated mortality risk better than weight-for-age or height-for-age indices. Only two factors retained their significance, severe malnutrition and non-breastfeeding in the multivariate analysis with adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1070-1075
Number of pages6
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1996


  • Bangladesh
  • Case-control study
  • Children
  • Diarrhoea mortality
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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