Risk of Infectious Complications After Simultaneous Gastrointestinal and Liver Resections for Neuroendocrine Tumor Metastases

Luis F. Acosta, Eduardo Chacon, Pedro Eman, Adam Dugan, Daniel Davenport, Roberto Gedaly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a relatively rare category of cancers that arise in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and other organs. Extended hepatectomies including resection of multiple organs are often necessary to achieve negative margins. Methods: We performed a review of patients undergoing liver resection for NET liver metastases from 2005 to 2015 using National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. We compared patients undergoing hepatectomy alone (HA) versus hepatectomy and a concomitant GI surgery procedure (colorectal, small bowel, and pancreatic) to evaluate postoperative infectious complications. Results: During the study period, 354 patients underwent liver resection for metastatic NET. Hepatectomy alone was performed in 98 patients, and concomitant GI surgery was performed in 256 patients, including 83 colorectal resections (HCCR), 68 small bowel resections, 75 distal pancreatectomies, and 35 pancreaticoduodenectomies (HCPD). Infectious complications were more likely to occur in those undergoing HCPD (60%, P < 0.001), and HCCR (32.5%, P < 0.05) than in those undergoing HA (16.3%). Patients undergoing HCPD and HCCR had a 7.69-fold and 2.52-fold increased risk of infectious complication, respectively, compared with HA after adjustment for other infection risk factors. Conclusions: Neuroendocrine liver metastases requiring liver resection with concomitant colorectal resection or pancreaticoduodenectomy are at significantly increased risk of developing infectious complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-249
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.


  • Colorectal resection
  • Hepatectomy
  • Neuroendocrine liver metastases
  • Neuroendocrine tumors
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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