RNA binding protein HuR protects against NAFLD by suppressing long noncoding RNA H19 expression

Yanyan Wang, Yun Ling Tai, Grayson Way, Jing Zeng, Derrick Zhao, Lianyong Su, Xixian Jiang, Kaitlyn G. Jackson, Xuan Wang, Emily C. Gurley, Jinze Liu, Jinpeng Liu, Weidong Chen, Xiang Yang Wang, Arun J. Sanyal, Phillip B. Hylemon, Huiping Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: NAFLD has become the most common chronic liver disease worldwide. Human antigen R (HuR), an RNA-binding protein, is an important post-transcriptional regulator. HuR has been reported as a key player in regulating lipid homeostasis in the liver and adipose tissues by using tissue-specific HuR knockout mice. However, the underlying mechanism by which hepatocyte-specific HuR regulates hepatic lipid metabolism under metabolic stress remains unclear and is the focus of this study. Methods: Hepatocyte-specific HuR deficient mice (HuRhKO) and age-/gender-matched control mice, as well as long-noncoding RNA H19 knockout mice (H19−/−), were fed a Western Diet plus sugar water (WDSW). Hepatic lipid accumulation, inflammation and fibrosis were examined by histology, RNA transcriptome analysis, qRT–PCR, and Western blot analysis. Bile acid composition was measured using LC–MS/MS. Results: Hepatocyte-specific deletion of HuR not only significantly increased hepatic lipid accumulation by modulating fatty acid synthesis and metabolism but also markedly induced inflammation by increasing immune cell infiltration and neutrophil activation under metabolic stress. In addition, hepatic deficiency of HuR disrupted bile acid homeostasis and enhanced liver fibrosis. Mechanistically, HuR is a repressor of H19 expression. Analysis of a recently published dataset (GSE143358) identified H19 as the top-upregulated gene in liver-specific HuR knockout mice. Similarly, hepatocyte-specific deficiency of HuR dramatically induced the expression of H19 and sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor 2 (S1PR2), but reduced the expression of sphingosine kinase 2 (SphK2). WDSW-induced hepatic lipid accumulation was alleviated in H19−/− mice. Furthermore, the downregulation of H19 alleviated WDSW-induced NAFLD in HuRhKO mice. Conclusions: HuR not only functions as an RNA binding protein to modulate post-transcriptional gene expression but also regulates H19 promoter activity. Hepatic HuR is an important regulator of hepatic lipid metabolism via modulating H19 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number172
JournalCell and Bioscience
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).


  • Bile acids
  • Inflammation
  • NASH
  • Sphingosine kinase
  • Sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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