RNA editing site recognition in higher plant mitochondria

R. Michael Mulligan, M. A. Williams, M. T. Shanahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


RNA editing is a process by which genomically encoded cytidines are converted to uridines in plant mitochondrial transcripts. This conversion usually changes the amino acid specified by a codon and converts an 'aberrant' residue to the evolutionarily conserved amino acid. The selection of the edited cytidine is highly specific. The cis-acting sequences for editing site recognition have been examined in ribosomal protein S12 (rps12) transcripts and in transcripts for a second copy of an internal portion of the ribosomal protein S12 (rps12b). rps12b was created by recombination at 7 and 9 nucleotide sequences that included editing sites I and IV of rps12, thus affording an opportunity to study the editing of chimeric transcripts with rearrangement very near C to U editing sites. Rearrangements downstream of editing site IV did not affect the editing of that sequence, while rearrangement upstream of editing site i ablated editing at that cytidine residue. Secondary structure predictions indicated that RNA structure did not correlate with the editing of these substrates. These results taken together with other studies in the literature suggest that RNA editing site recognition is primarily dependent on the 5' flanking RNA sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-344
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Heredity
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1999

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
From the Department of Developmental and Cell Biology, University of California, Irvine, California. This research was supported by research grant 98-35301-6043 from the USDA. Address correspondence to R. Michael Mulligan, Rm. 5205 Bio Sci 2, Department of Developmental and Cell Biology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-2300, or e-mail: rmmullig@uci.edu.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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