RNA virus replication depends on enrichment of phosphatidylethanolamine at replication sites in subcellular membranes

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97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intracellular membranes are critical for replication of positivestrand RNA viruses. To dissect the roles of various lipids, we have developed an artificial phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) vesiclebased Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) replication assay. We demonstrate that the in vitro assembled viral replicase complexes (VRCs) in artificial PE vesicles can support a complete cycle of replication and asymmetrical RNA synthesis, which is a hallmark of (+)-strand RNA viruses. Vesicles containing ~85% PE and ~15% additional phospholipids are the most efficient, suggesting that TBSV replicates within membrane microdomains enriched for PE. Accordingly, lipidomics analyses show increased PE levels in yeast surrogate host and plant leaves replicating TBSV. In addition, efficient redistribution of PE leads to enrichment of PE at viral replication sites. Expression of the tombusvirus p33 replication protein in the absence of other viral compounds is sufficient to promote intracellular redistribution of PE. Increased PE level due to deletion of PE methyltransferase in yeast enhances replication of TBSV and other viruses, suggesting that abundant PE in subcellular membranes has a proviral function. In summary, various (+)RNA viruses might subvert PE to build membrane-bound VRCs for robust replication in PE-enriched membrane microdomains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1782-E1791
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume112
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 7 2015

Keywords

  • Host factor
  • Phospholipid
  • Plant virus
  • Viral replicase complex
  • Virus-host interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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