S-acylation regulates the membrane association and activity of Calpain-5

Jozsef Gal, Vimala Bondada, Charles B. Mashburn, David W. Rodgers, Dorothy E. Croall, James W. Geddes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Calpain-5 (CAPN5) is a member of the calpain family of calcium-activated neutral thiol proteases. CAPN5 is partly membrane associated, despite its lack of a transmembrane domain. Unlike classical calpains, CAPN5 contains a C-terminal C2 domain. C2 domains often have affinity to lipids, mediating membrane association. We recently reported that the C2 domain of CAPN5 was essential for its membrane association and the activation of its autolytic activity. However, despite the removal of the C2 domain by autolysis, the N-terminal fragment of CAPN5 remained membrane associated. S-acylation, also referred to as S-palmitoylation, is a reversible post-translational lipid modification of cysteine residues that promotes membrane association of soluble proteins. In the present study several S-acylated cysteine residues were identified in CAPN5 with the acyl-PEG exchange method. Data reported here demonstrate that CAPN5 is S-acylated on up to three cysteine residues including Cys-4 and Cys-512, and likely Cys-507. The D589N mutation in a potential calcium binding loop within the C2 domain interfered with the S-acylation of CAPN5, likely preventing initial membrane association. Mutating specific cysteine residues of CAPN5 interfered with both its membrane association and the activation of CAPN5 autolysis. Taken together, our results suggest that the S-acylation of CAPN5 is critical for its membrane localization which appears to favor its enzymatic activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119298
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1869
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank our colleagues at the Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Center (SCoBIRC) and the Department of Neuroscience of the University of Kentucky for helpful discussions. We thank Matthew Hazzard, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky for preparing the illustration in Fig. 10. This work was supported by NIH grant R01 NS095229 (to James Geddes).

Funding Information:
We thank our colleagues at the Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Center (SCoBIRC) and the Department of Neuroscience of the University of Kentucky for helpful discussions. We thank Matthew Hazzard, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky for preparing the illustration in Fig. 10 . This work was supported by NIH grant R01 NS095229 (to James Geddes).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Calpain-5
  • Membrane
  • Palmitoylation
  • S-acylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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