Salivary biomarkers of periodontal disease in response to treatment

William M. Sexton, Yushun Lin, Richard J. Kryscio, Dolphus R. Dawson, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, Craig S. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

159 Scopus citations


Background: Salivary biomarkers of periodontitis were assessed longitudinally to determine response to therapy. Methods: A 6-month case-controlled study of adults with chronic periodontitis was performed, with 33 participants receiving oral hygiene instructions (OHI) alone and 35 with scaling and root planing (SRP) combined with OHI. Saliva samples collected at week 0, 16 and 28 were analysed for interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-8, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α, matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF)-α. Clinical measures of periodontal disease were recorded at each visit. Results: All parameters of periodontal health improved significantly in both groups by week 16 (p<0.0001) with the SRP group demonstrating greater benefit at week 16 and 28. Baseline OPG and TNF-α levels changed significantly at both follow-up visits (p<0.03), regardless of treatment group. IL-1β and MMP-8 levels decreased significantly from baseline (p<0.04) in the SRP group only. OPG, MMP-8, and MIP-1α were significantly reduced in responders compared with non-responders (p=0.04, 0.01, 0.05, respectively). In receiver-operating characteristic analyses, MMP-8 produced the highest area under the curve (0.7; p=0.01). Conclusion: Salivary levels of IL-1β, MMP-8, OPG, and MIP-1α reflected disease severity and response to therapy suggesting their potential utility for monitoring periodontal disease status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-441
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2011


  • biological markers
  • interleukin-1β
  • macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α
  • matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)
  • osteoprotegerin (OPG)
  • periodontal disease
  • salivary biomarkers
  • therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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