Saquayamycins G-K, cytotoxic angucyclines from streptomyces sp. including two analogues bearing the aminosugar rednose

Khaled A. Shaaban, Tamer A. Ahmed, Markos Leggas, Jürgen Rohr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Streptomyces sp. KY40-1, a strain isolated from the Kentucky Appalachian foothills, is the producer of moromycins A (18) and B (19). Further investigations of this strain led to the isolation and structure elucidation of the five new saquayamycins G-K (1-5), along with known compounds. Two of the new compounds bear the unusual aminosugar rednose, which was found here for the first time in angucyclines. The different attachment positions of this aminosugar in these two compounds indicate a high acceptor substrate flexibility of the responsible glycosyl transferase or alternatively the involvement of multiple glycosyl transferases. The cytotoxic activity of the isolated compounds was determined using human prostate cancer (PC-3) and non-small-cell lung cancer (H460) cell lines. Cell viability assays showed that saquayamycins J (4), K (5), A (7), and B (8) were most active in PC3 cells, with saquayamycin B (8) showing the highest activity (GI50 = 0.0075 μM). The aminosugar-containing saquayamycins H (2) and saquayamycin B (8) showed the highest activity against H460 cells, with a GI50 of 3.3 and 3.9 μM, respectively. The results presented here provide more insights into the structure-activity relationship of saquayamycins with respect to the nature, number, and linkage of sugar residues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1383-1392
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Volume75
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry

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