Sarcocystis neurona manipulation using culture-derived merozoites for bradyzoite and sporocyst production

Sarah B. Chaney, Antoinette E. Marsh, Stephanie Lewis, Michelle Carman, Daniel K. Howe, William J. Saville, Stephen M. Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) remains a significant central nervous system disease of horses in the American continents. Sarcocystis neurona is considered the primary causative agent and its intermediate life stages are carried by a wide host-range including raccoons (Procyon lotor) in North America. S. neurona sarcocysts mature in raccoon skeletal muscle and can produce central nervous system disease in raccoons, mirroring the clinical presentation in horses. The study aimed to develop laboratory tools whereby the life cycle and various life stages of S. neurona could be better studied and manipulated using in vitro and in vivo systems and compare the biology of two independent isolates. This study utilized culture-derived parasites from S. neurona strains derived from a raccoon or from a horse to initiate raccoon infections. Raccoon tissues, including fresh and cryopreserved tissues, were used to establish opossum (Didelphis virginiana) infections, which then shed sporocyts with retained biological activity to cause encephalitis in mice. These results demonstrate that sarcocysts can be generated using in vitro-derived S. neurona merozoites, including an isolate originally derived from a naturally infected horse with clinical EPM. This study indicates the life cycle can be significantly manipulated in the laboratory without affecting subsequent stage development, allowing further purification of strains and artificial maintenance of the life cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume238
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 30 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017

Keywords

  • Opossum
  • Raccoon
  • Sarcocystis neurona

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • General Veterinary

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