Background and objectives The serum proteins sclerostin and Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) are soluble inhibitors of canonical wnt signaling and were recently identified as components of parathyroid hormone (PTH) signal transduction. This study investigated the associations between sclerostin and Dkk-1 with histomorphomet-ric parameters of bone turnover, mineralization, and volume in stage 5 chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis (CKD-5D). Design, setting, participants, & measurements In a cross-sectional study, 60 CKD-5D patients underwent bone biopsies followed by histomorphometry. Levels of sclerostin, Dkk-1, and intact PTH (iPTH) were determined in blood. Results Serum levels of sclerostin and iPTH correlated negatively. In unadjusted analyses, sclerostin correlated negatively with histomorphometric parameters of turnover, osteoblastic number, and function. In adjusted analyses, sclerostin remained a strong predictor of parameters of bone turnover and osteoblast number. An observed correlation between sclerostin and cancellous bone volume was lost in regression analyses. Sclerostin was superior to iPTH for the positive prediction of high bone turnover and number of osteoblasts. In contrast, iPTH was superior to sclerostin for the negative prediction for high bone turnover and had similar predictive values than sclerostin for the number of osteoblasts. Serum levels of Dkk-1 did not correlate with iPTH or with any histomorphometric parameter. Conclusions Our data describe a promising role for serum measurements of sclerostin in addition to iPTH in the diagnosis of high bone turnover in CKD-5D patients, whereas measurements of Dkk-1 do not seem to be useful for this purpose.
|Number of pages
|Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
|Published - Apr 1 2011
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine